Culture Zones, Vol, I

Circumcision. What started out as a hygenic ritual for elite classes in Ancient Egypt 4,000 years ago has transformed into a religious requirement in orthodox Hebrew, Islamic and Christian faiths.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Architecture. Below are just a few samples of the hidden characteristics that over time have become identified by other cultures as their own. See any similiarities?

Shanghai Temple African Stool

Temple in Shanghai

African Stool

Iron Fence

Wrought Iron pieces

Andinkra Symbols

Soul Food. Everyone has to eat, right? When hungry, we don’t give much thought to the origins of our favorite foods, we just eat. In this volume, we will look at the origins of the food we eat and why we eat it.

Soul Food is not what we have come to know it to be today. We think of soul food as a Southern cuisine mixed with some Creole seasonings but it is not. Bear in mind that Africans were not just enslaved in their persons but also in their diets and much of what they ate was leftover from what their captors did not want: things like livers and chitlins. Their diets were high in sugar and fat (READ: diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol). That was the only way they could get any protein because meat was not a part of their normal diet unless, of course it was Christmas and only after their captors ate what they wanted, The balance of soul food was fruits and vegetables like, watermelon, okra, corn maize, yams, greens, black-eyed peas, etc. These foods, in particular, were not native to the United States.

Like many other countries where things like plantains, yams, sweet potatoes, rice, cassava, corn maize, lima beans, BBQ, hot peppers and spices like curry and cumin have become "native" to those populations, they were transported with the captured Africans. The colonizers reasoned that if they allowed the Africans to have some comfort foods, things that made them feel not so far away from home, that it would prevent the enslaved from trying to run away. After all, they spent a lot of money finding the right slaves to suit their purposes and runaways (Maroons) or dead Africans was a financial loss and therefore detrimental to their business so they tried to find ways to make it “easier” to be a slave and not miss home so much.

When we think of certain types of foods, we associate it with other ethnicities rather than our own. For example, when we think of chili peppers, bananas and sugar cane, we might think of Hispanic people; rice might make us think of Asians; BBQ makes us think of the South; corn maize makes us think of “Native” Americans. Gumbo and Jambalaya specifically makes us think of “Creoles” in New Orleans; fried chicken, macaroni and cheese, sweet potatoes, grits, corn bread makes us think of “soul food” in the American south. These associations are not necessarily misplaced in that these groups might have made these foods a significant part of their cultural heritage over time but it is misplaced to think that these foods had origins in any place other than Africa. Moreover, their disbursement throughout the Diaspora was not intended to introduce a cultural heritage program but rather to discourage the potential runaway African from fleeing captivity.

Quillobo is a Bantu word that means “okra” but the colonizers could not pronounce it correctly so we ended up with “gumbo”. There are two important ingredients to gumbo: okra and filé (“filé “is a French term used to describe “kombo” -a Choctaw spice. It is a spicy powder made from ground leaves from the Sassafras tree). Okra originates from Abyssinia or modern day Ethiopia.

Jollof rice is another African food whose origins are largely misplaced. Jollof or “Benachinâ” stems from the mispronunciation of Wolof, an African tribe located in Senegal, specifically, Sengambia. The ingredients for Jollof rice are the same as the Spanish dish paella and jambalaya.

Neither of gumbo or jambalaya can be attributed in whole or in part to French, Spanish or European cultures.

Another misnomer is BBQ. Everybody loves BBQ but it’s mystique comes not from Kansas or North Carolina but rather the observations of Europeans who watched Africans cook meat in a pit over open flames and then rub a red sauce on top of the cooked meat. The transition from Africa is known today as BBQ. Another group of people, Samoans, also have a similar custom often referred to as a pig roast.
All around us are traditions of our African ancestors that we have incorporated into our everyday lives without knowing that while our names and places of origins might be lost, the influence of our ancestor’s remain hidden in plain view.